In order to survive, it’s obvious that a shelter is of great importance. Not only does it provide a comfortable place to live, but it also offers protection from many things. In ancient times, humans used caves as their shelter. A cave was primarily intended to provide protection from the weather and wild animals. With the passage of time, the residence of man evolved along with everything else.
These days, there is a large variety of choices regarding the style and architecture of houses. Many of these styles are the most ancient ones. Almost every great civilization in history has introduced a unique style of its own. Many are now rare to see because of the expenses and area they require. Most of the new ones, however, are less costly derivatives of those grand ancient styles.
Let us take a look at some of the most significant architectural styles:
• The history of a particular architecture starts from the great Egyptian civilization in around 3000 BC. There were several other cultures with their unique architecture at the same time, but none was as grand as that of Egyptians. However, one similarity between all the ancient architectural structures was that pleasing the gods was one of the primary functions of their buildings. Therefore, temples from Egypt, Greece and places like the Indus-Valley are considered the best structures to show off the architectural beauty of their times. Later, Greeks also introduced their unique architectural style, which was simple yet beautiful. The Pyramid of Giza and the Temple of Athens are the best examples to define the ancient architectural style.
• The Chinese developed a unique style which is still vastly used in China. It also has its great influence on Japanese architecture. The Chinese architectural style and is heavily based on a horizontal axis with a floating roof on the top.
• The Roman architecture started the architectural style of the Middle Ages. Although people speak of its similarities with the Greek style, there is a significant difference between the two. The Romans introduced arches while Greeks preferred a more block-like structure. Furthermore, Roman forms were not just pleasing; they were engineered to be more practical.
• Byzantine Architecture also got very popular in Europe. Hagia Sofia became a symbol of this beautiful style. The Roman and Byzantine style, however, later evolved into the Romanesque and Gothic style. Concurrently, the Renaissance style became very popular in Europe. It is quite obvious that this style significantly affected the Islamic architectural style during the crusades.
• Islamic architecture can be classified into several categories, some elements remain same in all the styles and are easily identifiable as Islamic art.
• Modern day design is a unique blend of all styles, with the very first emphasis on safety and practicality. Architectures and engineers have incorporated different styles inspired by historic buildings to art movements. While some buildings are based on incredibly simple block styles, some have broken all the conventions with their unbelievable design. With so many styles and endless combinations, the future of architecture seems beyond the conventional boundaries. If you are having your own home built, and are interested in what potential blue prints and plans look like, check out some options here from the popular magazine Southern Home Living.
In addition to the above summary of types of architecture, we have included a video that you’ll find useful.